Just like any other organization, governments also require a system to manage their data effectively. With a huge amount of data, it becomes difficult to analyze information and make informed decisions. The basic structure of GIS is made up of two different kinds of data representations: Raster and Vector data. Raster data is made up of pixels and vectors can be points, lines, or polygons. These data are represented on maps in the form of layers. Every feature on such maps can be linked with attributes carrying detailed information, which can be linked to their geographic locations. Geographic information is the key to better decision-making; virtually everything a community, business, or public agency does, whether in day-to-day operations or long-term planning, is related to its geography. With GIS, Government can track citizens and other data in relation to their geographic location to study various trends and factors. Geographic Information Systems can enhance the process flow, policies, and engagement of the government with citizens. Thus, with GIS, Government can plan, operate and manage with more efficiency by harnessing the features of spatial data.
GIS plays a pivotal role in enhancing government efficiency and overall decision-making capabilities. Here are some examples: